Weekly Iowa Crops and Weather Report

Weekly Iowa Crop and Weather Report

Weekly Iowa Crop and Weather Report

NAIG COMMENTS ON IOWA CROP PROGRESS AND CONDITION REPORT

Monday, July 9, 2018

Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig today commented on the Iowa Crop Progress and Condition report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through November.

“Much of the state saw drier conditions last week that allowed saturated fields to start draining and gave farmers the opportunity to do some spraying and other work that had been delayed by the wet weather,” Naig said. “In general crops are maturing quickly, with both corn and soybean development more than a week ahead of the five-year average.”

The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship’s website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov or on USDA’s site atwww.nass.usda.gov/ia. The report summary follows here:

 CROP REPORT

Warm weather and drier conditions allowed Iowa farmers 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 8, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included, herbicide and fungicide applications, detasseling seed corn and harvesting hay.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 9 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 10 percent short, 69 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Some fields remain ponded and have struggled to drain in the more saturated northern two-thirds of the State. In south central and southeast Iowa topsoil moisture supplies remain one-third to one-half short to very short.

Thirty-five percent of the corn crop has silked, 8 days ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Seventy-eight percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Forty-six percent of the soybean crop was blooming, over one week ahead of the average. Seven percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, 3 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the average. Seventy-six percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Ninety-seven percent of the oat crop has headed with 51 percent turning color, 2 days ahead of the average. Seventy-eight percent of the oat crop was rated in good to excellent condition.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 49 percent complete, 6 days ahead of average. Drier conditions provided producers a window to put up more hay. Hay condition declined to 71 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions also declined slightly to 64 percent good to excellent. Heat and high humidity have been hard on livestock, but cool overnight temperatures have helped reduce stress.

IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY

By Dr. Justin Glisan, State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship

The 4th of July holiday week was relatively calm compared to the previous few weeks. Much of Iowa was able to dry out from last week’s widespread thunderstorm activity; a majority of the state saw below normal accumulations, from a few tenths to a little over an inch. On the other hand, Iowa’s northwest corner saw more rainfall, generally on the order of one to two inches above normal. On Monday (2nd) only a handful of stations from Plymouth to Kossuth Counties recorded measurable rainfall, with Swea City observing 0.89 inches. The state was dry heading into Independence Day, though a cold front propagated through Iowa’s northern third during Wednesday afternoon. The full system moved through overnight into Thursday, bringing near normal temperatures and lower humidity. Pocahontas recorded 2.90 inches of rain from the frontal passage, which was the week’s highest rainfall accumulation and 2.74 inches above normal. There were also multiple reports of severe straight-line winds from Shelby County to Winnebago County, with a 61-mph gust in Lake Mills. Thursday (5th) throughSunday (8th) saw nearly dry and sunny conditions reigning over the state. This pattern was attributed to a large high pressure system moving through Minnesota into the Great Lakes region. On Friday (6th) a few counties in southeast and northwest Iowa observed measurable rain from isolated thunderstorms; Washta, in Cherokee County, reported 1.50 inches. Over the weekend, average highs ranged from the low-to-mid 80s across the north and mid-to-upper 80s in the south. The week’s high temperature was 97 degrees and was observed in De Soto on Wednesday (4th) and Lamoni on Thursday (5th). Sheldon, in O’Brien County, reported the week’s low temperature of 49 degrees on Saturday (7th). This reading was 10 degrees below average.

NAIG COMMENTS ON IOWA CROP PROGRESS AND CONDITION REPORT

Monday, July 2, 2018

Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig today commented on the Iowa Crop Progress and Condition report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through November.

Unfortunately, we saw a series of storms move across the state over the past week that have flooded fields and caused significant damage. Hopefully, the weather this week will allow the state to dry out so farmers can get into their fields to evaluate conditions and view any damage,” Naig said.

The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship’s website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov or on USDA’s site atwww.nass.usda.gov/ia. The report summary follows here:

 CROP REPORT

Strong storms brought damaging winds and heavy precipitation to much of Iowa resulting in just 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 1, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included, assessing crop damage and harvesting hay when the weather permitted. Wind and intermittent showers prohibited spraying activity to a large degree.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 26 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 3 percent very short, 9 percent short, 66 percent adequate and 22 percent surplus. Heavy rainfall left many fields and pastures ponded. In south central Iowa the subsoil moisture supplies rated adequate to surplus increased to 46 percent; the highest percentage in these categories since the week ending July 9, 2017.

Seven percent of the corn crop has silked, a week ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Seventy-eight percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Twenty-one percent of the soybean crop has bloomed, 4 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the average. Seventy-six percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Ninety-three percent of the oat crop has headed, 2 days ahead of average. Twenty-five percent of the oat crop was turning color, a day ahead of the average. Eighty percent of the oat crop was rated in good to excellent condition.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 24 percent complete, a day behind last year and three days ahead of the average. Frequent storms continued to make putting up hay a challenge this week. Hay condition rated 74 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions rated 66 percent good to excellent. Heat and high humidity continued to stress livestock. Flooding limited access to pastures and muddy conditions continued to make feedlot operations difficult.

IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY

By Dr. Justin Glisan, State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship

The week began as a continuation of the previous week’s active convective pattern across much of Iowa. A low pressure system over Nebraska streamed moisture and instability into the region, leading to widespread thunderstorms over the western two-thirds of the state on Monday (25th). Flash flood warnings were still active in northwest Iowa from the weekend. In the early evening, Delphos (Ringgold County) reported a rain-wrapped tornado lofting debris into the air; this thunderstorm moved northward into central Iowa. However, no damage occurred. Many stations in central Iowa reported rainfalls of up to 2.5 inches from a slow moving line on Tuesday (26th), as Iowa’s eastern third saw spotty thunderstorms. Waterloo reported 1.87 inches of rain. Temperatures were cooler than normal, with average highs departing by three to six degrees east to west through the 27th. Audubon recorded a high temperature 12 degrees below normal, at 71 degrees. A cluster of severe storms rapidly moved through the stateon Thursday (28th) from Harrison County to Lee County, leaving behind over 40 reports of severe straight-line winds and hail. Heat returned to the state late in the week through the weekend, with highs in the mid-90s Friday and Saturday across a large portion of Iowa. Heat indices reach the triple digits across Iowa’s southern half. Logan, in Harrison County, observed the week’s high temperature at 98 degrees on Friday (29th). Thunderstorms, many with severe wind and hail reports, returned on Saturday (30th) as a cold front moved across the state. Ankeny, in Polk County, reported 10 inches, as torrential rainfall covered much of the Des Moines metro area. Sunday was the nicest day of the week. Temperatures moderated into the low to mid 80s in the northwest to low 90s in the southeast, with ample sunshine.

NAIG COMMENTS ON IOWA CROP PROGRESS AND CONDITION REPORT

Monday, June 28, 2018

Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig today commented on the Iowa Crop Progress and Condition report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through November.

“The storms that have rolled across the state over the past couple of weeks have brought needed moisture to some areas, but unfortunately we have also seen significant flooding in other parts of the state. Many areas could use a few days of dry weather to allow fields to dry out so farmers can spray and have a chance to make hay,” Naig said.

The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship’s website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov or on USDA’s site atwww.nass.usda.gov/ia. The report summary follows here:

 CROP REPORT

Another week of storms which delivered heavy precipitation across much of Iowa resulted in just 2.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 24, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included checking rain gauges, assessing flood damage, harvesting hay, and applying post-emergent herbicides when weather permitted.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 25 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 3 percent very short, 10 percent short, 67 percent adequate and 20 percent surplus. Heavy rainfall left many fields ponded and caused flooding in some northern counties. In south central Iowa the topsoil moisture supplies rated adequate to surplus reached 66 percent; the highest percentage in these categories since the week ending June 4, 2017.

Eighty-one percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Nearly all of the soybean crop has emerged with 4 percent of the crop blooming, 3 days ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Seventy-nine percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Eighty-four percent of the oat crop has headed, 3 days ahead of average. Eighty percent of the oat crop was rated in good to excellent condition.

With the first cutting of alfalfa hay nearing completion, the second cutting reached 8 percent complete. Putting up hay was a challenge this week due to persistent precipitation. Hay condition rated 73 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions rated 67 percent good to excellent. Heat and high humidity continued to stress livestock. Muddy conditions have made feedlot operations difficult.

IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY

By Dr. Justin Glisan, State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship

Iowa experienced a pronounced pattern shift from previous weeks that brought measurable precipitation to the state. This active pattern produced both flash and short-term flooding across northwestern and western Iowa. On Monday (18th), a stationary boundary situated over northwest Iowa fired up storms in the early morning and late afternoon hours. Council Bluffs recorded 5.52 inches of rain on the 19th, as thunderstorms moved through southern Iowa. A low pressure system moved in on the 20th, bringing heavy rain to the state’s northwestern corner; flood warnings were issued in multiple counties, including Clay, Dickinson, and Osceola. As the day progressed, a line of severe thunderstorms formed in central Iowa and raced towards the north and east. There were multiple reports of severe winds, hail, and weak tornadoes, with Perry and Scranton observing snapped and uprooted trees. On Thursday (21st), flood warnings encompassed six counties in the northwest as the low propagated south. Isolated thunderstorms popped up in central Iowa that evening. Friday (22nd) and Saturday (23rd) saw relatively quiet conditions across the state, while thunderstorms (some severe) returned on Sundayto central Iowa. A slow-moving line stretched from Centerville northwest to Le Mars bringing accumulations of up to two inches near Sioux City. In terms of temperature, the week began with highs averaging 4-8 degrees above normal. Donnellson, in Lee County, observed highs of 96 degrees (18th) and 98 degrees (19th), almost 14 degrees above normal. Midweek saw temperatures fall below normal, with average departures up to eight degrees in the north and west. Sioux Center (Sioux County) reported a high of 65 degrees on the 21st, which was almost 20 degrees below normal. The week ended unseasonably cool with average highs 10 to 12 degrees below normal in Iowa’s southern third; statewide average temperatures were in the low 70s.

NAIG COMMENTS ON IOWA CROP PROGRESS AND CONDITION REPORT

Monday, June 18, 2018

Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig today commented on the Iowa Crop Progress and Condition report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through November.

“Several storm systems moved through the state last week and brought some needed precipitation to significant parts of the state. Unfortunately, we also saw severe weather and flooding as a result of some of the storms,” Naig said. “In general, crops continue to be in very good condition with 84 percent of corn and 80 percent of soybeans rated in good to excellent condition.”

The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship’s website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov or on USDA’s site atwww.nass.usda.gov/ia. The report summary follows here:

 CROP REPORT

Above normal temperatures were felt throughout Iowa with severe storms hampering fieldwork and causing some localized damage during the week ending June 17, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included harvesting hay, delivering grain, re-planting storm damaged fields and applying post-emergent herbicides.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 15 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 5 percent very short, 16 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 8 percent surplus. While rain fell over much of the State, in south central Iowa the percentage rated very short for both topsoil and subsoil moisture levels increased over the past week.

With virtually the entire corn crop emerged, 84 percent was rated in good to excellent condition. Ninety-seven percent of the soybean crop has emerged, 2 weeks ahead of average. Eighty percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Sixty-four percent of the oat crop has headed, 2 days ahead of average. Eighty-three percent of the oat crop was rated in good to excellent condition.

Hay condition improved to 73 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions rated 64 percent good to excellent. Scorching temperatures and high humidity continued to stress livestock.

IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY

By Dr. Justin Glisan, State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship

A wet start to the week greeted central Iowa as widespread thunderstorms moved through during the morning hours of the 11th. The storms advanced through western Iowa, producing measurable rainfall. Later that afternoon and evening, a line of severe supercell thunderstorms moved from western Iowa and quickly weakened as they propagated across the state; three semis were blown over and multiple farm building were damaged in Thurman (Fremont County). Southeastern Iowa also received measurable rain, though still well below normal. On the 12th, isolated thunderstorms, some severe, moved through north central and northwestern Iowa, ahead of a cold front. High pressure moved into the state on the 13th, bringing calm conditions. In the early morning hours of the 14th, widespread thunderstorms broke out across the middle of Iowa, along a warm front. A portion of the state between Sheldon and Ames experienced flash flooding from slow moving storms. Ames had the highest one-day precipitation total for the week at 4.25 inches. There were a few reports of severe hail, including two inches in Webster County. Much of east and southeast Iowa also received afternoon rainfall from the same system. Ottumwa reported 1.77 inches from two lines of storms. Northwest Iowa saw spotty thunderstorms over the weekend; a few severe wind reports for western Iowa on the 17th. Temperature-wise, the week began 6-8 degrees above normal in southern Iowa. Lamoni observed 91 degrees (11th) and Shenandoah reported 94 degrees on the 12th. Midweek saw statewide temperatures averaging in the mid-80s, six degrees above normal. A heatwave ended the week with average highs in the mid 90s, 10-14 degrees above average. Heat indices were in the low triple digits, as dew point temperatures pushed into the 70s. Little Sioux observed the highest temperature of 99 degrees on the 17th.

 

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